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Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan kejadian yang telah selesai terjadi di masa lalu sebelum suatu kejadian tertentu terjadi yang juga di masa lalu.
Misalnya kita hendak menceritakan hal berikut ;
Ani pergi ke suatu pesta kemarin. Desi juga pergi ke pesta yang sama, namun mereka tidak bertemu di pesta itu, karena Desi sudah pulang sebelum Ani sampai disana.
Kita dapat menjelaskan situasi di atas dalam bentuk past perfect tense,
When Ani arrived at the party, Desi wasn’t there. She had gone home.

Had gone ada bentuk Past Perfect.
S ( I/we/you/they/he/she/it ) + Had + Past Participle ( Verb-3 )

Kalimat positif : s + had + past participle
She had spoken.
They had slept.
Kalimat negatif : s + had + not + past participle
She hadn’t spoken.
They hadn’t slept.
Kalimat pertanyaan : had + s + past participle / wh-word + had + past participle
Had she spoken?
Had they slept?
Who had finished writing the essay when the lecturer came over?
Why had he changed his mind five times before selling his house?

Contoh penggunaan Past Perfect adalah sebagai berikut :
Pertama kita bicarakan hal yang terjadi di masa lalu :

Karmen arrived at the party.
Ini adalah awal dari cerita. Lalu kita ingin membicarakan hal yang terjadi sebelumnya lagi, kita menggunakan Past Perfect Tense : When Karmen arrived at the party, the cake had run out ( Ketika Karmen tiba di pesta, kuenya sudah habis ).
Contoh lain :
The employees had gotten a warning before the boss were called.
I had already read the letter by the time she picked me up.
Past perfect tence juga dapat digunakan untuk menjelaskan seberapa sering suatu hal terjadi di masa lalu.
Selli didn’t want to go to the cinema because she had already seen the film two times.
Dalam kalimat reported speech dan kalimat pengandaian ( conditional type 3 ), kita juga menggunakan past perfect tense.

Contoh reported speech :

She said that she had changed the instruction.
He realized that he had done the right thing.

Contoh conditional type 3 :

If we had eaten our lunch fast, we would have missed the bus.

Perbandingan present perfect ( have + verb-3 ) dan past perfect ( had + ver-3 )
Present perfect
Masa lalu ————- have + verb-3 ——————sekarang
Who is that girl? I have never seen her before.
The room is dirty. They have not cleaned it for weeks.
Past perfect
Had + verb-3 ————masa lalu—————-sekarang
I didn’t know who she was. I had never seen her before.
The room was dirty. They had not cleaned it for weeks.

Topik yang dicari:

  • Contoh cerita past perfect tense
  • contoh kalimat past perfect tense

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